As the 18th century seat of the Nawabs of Avadh, Lucknow flourished, becoming an important political and cultural center, rivaling Delhi in its patronage to art and literature. It was during this time that culture and architecture synthesized emerging in distinct form now so typical to the Lucknow culture. The peace and prosperity under the governance of the nawabs brought about a cultural renaissance in Avadh. Musicians and dancers flocked to Lucknow giving birth to new musical forms and instruments under the patronage of theroyalty. Art forms like Kathak, Thumri, Dadra, Qawalis, Ghazals and Shero Shairi saw their finest hour. In this era, major stress was laid on even minor detail like the art of dressing, apparels (libaas) and jewelry, all symbolic of a genteel lifestyle. The legacy of the exquisite embroidery still lives on with equal zest in today's modern era. Culinary skills, too, reached heights of excellence, as the nawabs were not only gracious hosts but also extremely fond of good nutritious food. Thus emerged the skillful art of slow cooking.
The royalty of Avadh was also famous for indulging in extravagant pastimes like elephant and rooster fights and kite flying, a game that still evokes passionate involvement among the flyers and the bystander alike. The field of architecture saw re-interpretation of the existing styles and experimentation in the fusion of the occidental and the oriental style of architecture. The magnificent edifices standing proudly among the architectural skyline of the city are living examples of the nawab's architectural ingenuity.
Modern Lucknow, spread evenly on both sides of river Gomti, is a perfect blend of the ancient with the modern, as many glitzy shopping arcades coexist with the old monuments. Lucknow has also emerged as a "Science City", and numerous national level laboratories, premier medical colleges, two universities along with an engineering college and Management institute are present here. The greatest attraction of Lucknow, where the past jostles with the present, is its unique ability to achieve harmony amidst disorder and to assimilate the new into the old. (Text courtesy - UP Tourism).
Lucknow is connected with most of the metropolitan cities of the country by Air, Rail and Road.There are direct flights from Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Patna and Varanasi, to the Amausi Airport, Lucknow.The major railway station, Charbagh, is conveniently connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Patna, Varanasi. Lucknow is connected by road with most of the metropolitan cities of the country. Some of the major road distances are Agra-363 km, Allahabad-210 km, Calcutta-985 km, Delhi-502 km,Kanpur- 80 km, Khajuraho-320 km, Varanasi-305 km.For more information about Lucknow please visit
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